Part 5 of 6: PAS – PATIENT EXAM: What are their injuries?
PRINCIPLES OF THE PATIENT EXAM:
You are trying to discover all possible injuries by:
Inspect: Is there any bleeding, wounds, impaled objects, or deformities?
Compare: Are their body parts symmetrical?
Complaints: Are they complaining of pain or tenderness, if so, isolate where it hurts?
Palpation: Is there tenderness in muscles, bones, or joints?
Circulation: Are there pulses in all four extremities?
Sensation: Is there normal sensation in all four extremities?
Motion: Is there normal range of motion is all four extremities?
Keeping the above principles in mind do a hands on head-to-toe exam:
HEAD: scalp, face, eyes, ears, nose, mouth.
NECK: cervical spine, trachea.
CHEST: clavicles, gently compress the rib cage.
ABDOMEN: compress the abdomen in all four quadrants.
PELVIS: compress the pelvis front to back and laterally.
ARMS: palpate the muscles and flex the joints.
LEGS: palpate the muscles and flex the joints.
BACK: palpate the length of the back.
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